SOME BASIC FIGURES ON COAL MINING
2003-2004 total production: 355 million tonnes (excluding
Meghalaya). India's lignite reserves are estimated at 6.5 billion
tonnes. Domestic supplies satisfy most of India's overall coal
demand, but not
for coking coal, which is imported from Australia. Import duties
Openpit mines constitute 81% of production. Several openpit mines
producing more than 10 million tonnes of coal annually are in operation.
70% of coal production is used for power generation.
88% of total coal production is by the 390 mines owned by the public
sector company Coal India Limited and its subsidiaries (Central
Coalfields, Eastern Coalfields (Sanctoria), Bharat Coking Coal
(Dhanbad), Northern Coalfields (Nagpur), Western Coalfields, Southern
Eastern Coalfields (Bilaspur), Mahanandi Coalfields (Sambalpur) and the
Central Mine Planning & Design Institute (CMPDI) at Ranchi).
The only other major producer is Singerani Collieries Company in Andhra
As of 2004, private coal mines were only allowed as mines for a
specific industry. This has most likely changed in the interim
(as of August 2007).
Source: "MBendi Profile: India - Mining: Coal Mining",
http://www.mbendi.co.za/indy/ming/coal/as/in/p0005.htm, last accessed
in June 2007.